How to calculate dividends and why you need it.

If your investment is inside RRSP, TFSA or RRIF, it will not matter to you. How to calculate dividends? Because in these tax havens, refunds are not taxed as long as the investment remains in the registered plan. In addition, when they are excluded from the registered plan, all declarations will be taxed in the same way as interest income.

In addition, if your investment is not tax-protected and therefore not registered, the income from these investments will be taxed every year.

How are dividends taxed? Interest. If your unregistered investments generate interest income, that income will be taxed based on your marginal rate. The latter is the percentage of taxes — federal and provincial combined — that you pay for the last dollars earned in the fiscal year. It should be noted that all guaranteed investments – guaranteed investment certificates or term deposits, savings bonds and treasury bills – bring only interest.

Capital gains or how do dividends work. On the other hand, if your unregistered investments provide you with a capital gain, only 50% of them will be taxed, which means that the capital gain will cost you 50% of your marginal tax rate. Capital gains are defined as the difference between the price paid for a security, such as stocks traded on an exchange, and the price received at the time of resale, net of fees due.

Shares of private or state-owned companies, market bonds, real estate and mutual funds holding any of these assets bring capital gains … or sometimes capital losses! Dividends There are dividends between them. This will cost you taxes from 66% to 75% of your marginal rate, depending on your income. In fact, dividends benefit from preferential taxation because they are paid by companies with already taxable money. This approach aims to avoid double taxation. Preferred shares and common shares of the largest Canadian companies, as well as mutual investment funds that own one or the other of these classes of shares, pay for this type of income.

What to remember from all this? If you have registered investments and others that are not registered, it is preferable that those who generate interest be in RRSP, TFSA or RRIF, where they will cost the lowest cost in the form of taxes. Investments that provide capital gains and dividends should ideally be in an unregistered portfolio. It should be remembered about the purpose and horizon of any investment before making such a decision. Tax exposure should be considered only as a last resort. Are you interested in this topic? As a financial security adviser, I can explain all the details. Contact me immediately to arrange a meeting where I will provide you with all the necessary information on taxing investment income.

Let’s answer the question, how is passive income taxed. Using the full income tax data, we evaluate the effect of the capital income scale on the reported profit using the difference method. As a treatment group, we used households that chose fixed-rate reform before the reform, and households that remained on the scale. We review a high-income sample by regularly collecting significant amounts of dividends before the reform in order to get groups of comparable taxpayers.

We had a very negative impact on the dividend reform of 2013, when declared dividends were reduced by 40%. On the other hand, we see no effect on other capital income (capital gains, other income from securities). Similarly, we do not see a significant effect on reported wages.

Our controlling group also believes that dividends have been received, reflecting the possible indirect consequences of the reform. The tax office of the control group may own shares in companies whose shareholders are mainly affected by the reform. This aspect tends to underestimate the impact of taxation on dividend flows.

The details of the two proposed measures are discussed in the article. The proposed measures do not directly affect the tax on passive investment income received in the corporation. In essence, tax rates applicable to investment income, return taxes and dividends remain unchanged.